Country Details Link
Austria National Cybersecurity Strategy: 2013. Austria has committed to extending and enhancing cybersecurity its educational programme in all types of schools and in teacher training. It is also investing in cybersecurity research and multi-disciplinary public-private partnerships with response teams supporting compliance with the GDPR and the NIS-Directive.  /austria-au

National Cyber Security Strategy: 2012. Its national cyber security centre was established in 2014. On a practical level, Belgium has developed multi-lingual tools and services tailored to citizens, schools, public organisations and businesses to help them understand cyber risks and foster a cyber culture.


National Cyber Security Strategy: 2016.  One of the goals is to improve the competitiveness of SMEs and micro entreprises and to raise awareness on cyber culture.


National Cyber Security Strategy: 2015. One of the objectives is to boost the capacities of its SMEs by linking them to the value chains of larger enterprises to develop new products and services. 


National Cyber Security Strategy: 2013 The Cyprus Cybercrime Center of Excellence (3CE),, provides short-term, highly focused and specialised training seminars on cybercrime-related issues for public and private sector participants.

Czech Republic

National Cyber Security Strategy: 2011. Objectives include trust building and co-operation among public and private sector, and civil society, and cyber security capacity building.


National Cyber Security Strategy: 2018. The strategy highlights the importance of filling the cybersecurity skills gap and investing in new research priorities with a significant investment allocated to achieving its strategic goals for cybersecurity education and research. It is also investing in  public-private partnerships with response teams supporting compliance with the GDPR and the NIS-Directive. 


National Cyber Security Strategy: 2008 and updated 2014.


National Cyber Security Strategy: 2013. In 2017 publication of the Implementation Programme for Finland's Cyber Security Strategy 2017-2020, with planning for increased cross-boarder activities, promoting public-private-partnerships, conducting market surveys, and enabling high-level education and dialogue with national and international regulatory bodies.


National Cyber Security Strategy: 2015 with emphasis on digital trust, privacy, personal data, as well as building resilience in cyber space. Training and international co-operation are the other main foundations of the national cyber security strategy.

Germany National Cyber Security Strategy: 2011 /germany-de
Greece Greece have not yet implemented a national cybersecurity strategy. /greece-gr

National Cyber Security Strategy: 2013



National Cyber Security Strategy

Year of adoption: 2015

Updates and revisions: a three year action plan for 2015-2018 has been scheduled.The strategy will be reviewed as necessary, at minimum every four years, and measures based will be designed to cover shorter periods.


National Cyber Security Strategy: 2014 with National Risk Assessment in 2015.


National Cyber Security Strategy: 2013

Updates and revisions - On 27.01.2014 the Italian Government issued a “National Strategic Framework for Cyberspace Security” and a “National Plan for Cyber-Protection and Internet Security” to identify the priorities, specific goals and courses of action to make the Strategic Framework effective.


At the moment, cyber security governance is organised in a partially centralised model, where the leading institutions (according to the respective authority) perform the function of handling the strategy, methodology and coordination of cyber security, whereas supervisors of speciic ICT solutions and services constantly ensure practical implementation and execution of the established requirements.


The Programme for the Development of Electronic Information Security (Cyber-Security) for the period 2011-2019

Year of Adoption - 2011

Updates and revisions: The first Law on Cyber Security was approved in December 2014.


National Cyber Security Strategy

Year of adoption - 2012

Updates and revisions A second version of the NCSS was approved and made enforceable by the Government Council on 27.03.2015. The current NCSS 2.0 extends to 2017.


Year of adoption: 2014

Implementation in July 2016 - Still under preparation.


Year of Adoption: 2011

A revised and strengthened strategy, National Cyber Security Strategy 2 - From Awareness to Capability, extends alliances with public and private parties, at both national and international level.


Year of Adoption: 2012

The national strategy has been developed in 2012 by different Ministers. The strategy sets the direction and priorities on which public authorities should base their information security efforts.
The Ministry of Justice and Public Security is primarily responsible for following up the strategy.


Year of adoption: 2013

The Polish cybersecurity doctrine emphasizes the need for "pursuing active cyberdefence, including offensive actions in cyberspace, and maintaining readiness for cyberwar," protection and defence of Polish teleinformation systems and accumulated data, and supporting key private firms in their cybersecurity efforts.


Year of adoption: 2014

Implementation and monitoring: Portugal has not developed a comprehensive legal and policy framework for cybersecurity, and its cybersecurity strategy has not been elaborated.


Year of adoption: 2013

The National Action Plan on implementation of the Romania's Cybersecurity Strategy provides a national governance roadmap for cybersecurity in Romania.

Slovakia The National Strategy for Information Safety of Slovakia was approved by the Slovak Government in August 2008 and deployed from April 2009 /slovakia-sk
Slovenia The Slovenian National Cyber Security Strategy was adopted in February 2016. /slovenia-si
Spain The national Cyber Security Strategy was adopted in 2013. In October 2014, the National Cyber Security Council also adopted the National Cyber Security Plan. /spain-es
Sweden The Swedish high-level National Cyber Security Strategy pending adoption focuses on improving the quality of central government functions and ensuring the necessary legislation is implemented by the Government and Parliament while protecting the fundamental values of Swedish society. /sweden-se
Switzerland The Federal Council adopted the national strategy for the protection of Switzerland against cyber risks (NCS) on 27 June 2012 and its implementation plan (IP NCS) on 15 May 2013. /switzerland-ch
UK The National Cyber Security Strategy 2016-2021 was published in November 2016 setting out plans to make the UK confident, capable and resilient in a fast-moving digital world, with an investment of £1.9 billion over this five-year period. /united-kingdom-uk
CyberWISER Cartography of EU cyber security strategies Cyber Range & Capacity Building in Cybersecurity


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